Friday, January 1, 2016

'Statue of Jaina Goddess Padmavati, 12th century A.D. in Government Museum, Chandigarh' by K.J.S. Chatrath




Padmavati, The Jaina Goddess, Sholapur, circa 12th century A.D. in Government Museum, Chandigarh, India.

Goddess Padmavati is seated with her right foot placed on the left. In her upper and lower right hands are the mace (gada) and the conch (shankha) respectively. The intact upper left hand has a staff with floriated upper portion. The attribute in the broken left hand cannot be ascertained. The goddess wears lavish ornaments, of which long garland and conical crown set with jewels deserve special mention. The halo has projecting spies. There is the presence of the snakehood on top of the crown of the goddess. The hood consists of five snakes. The sculpture is an excellent example of the medieval sculpture of 12th century A.D.' (1).

Padmāvatī is the protective goddess or Shashan Devi of Lord Parsvanatha, twenty-third Jain tirthankara. She enjoys an independent religious life and is very popular amongst Jains. According to the Digambara tradition, Padmavati and her husband Dharnendra protected Lord Parsvanath when he was harassed by Meghalin. Svetambara tradition, however, does not list Padmavati among the main queens of Dharnendra. A snakes hood covers her head, and she sits on a lotus flower. Often a small image of the Lord Parsvanath is placed in her crown (2).

(1) Source: write up in the Museum
(2) Source: Wikipedia

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